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ID  Project  Category  View Status  Date Submitted  Last Update 

0000153  OpenFOAM  Bug  public  20110301 23:41  20110302 10:48 
Reporter  Assigned To  henry  
Priority  normal  Severity  minor  Reproducibility  always 
Status  resolved  Resolution  fixed  
Platform  Linux  OS  Ubuntu  OS Version  10.10 
Summary  0000153: HerschelBulkley nonNewtonian viscosity model has term with sign error  
Description  The HerschelBulkley (HB) nonNewtonian viscosity model in OpenFOAM contains a term with a sign error. Outside of CFD, the HB model usually consists of a yield stress tao_y below which the shear rate sr is exactly zero, sr=0, and above which the stress tao is equal to tao_y plus a simple power law function of the shear rate, tao = tao_y + k*sr^n. The model in OpenFOAM allows for a transition to Newtonian behavior when the shear rate is very low, thereby eliminating the undesirable discontinuity in the function at zero stress. The Newtonian viscosity is nu0, and the transition occurs when the stress exceeds the threshold value given by the parameter tao0. Assuming that nu0 is not infinity, tao_y and tao0 are not the same but one can be calculated from the other by matching the Newtonian and nonNewtonian forms at the transition point resulting in: tao_y = tao0  k*(tao0/nu0)^n. This correction to tao0 can be found in the source code for the HS model but INCORRECTLY with a plus sign rather than the minus sign in front of the k. In the code from the file HerschelBulkley.C, the model gives the effective viscosity nu by dividing the above expression for tao by a factor of sr: return (min(nu0_,(tau0_ + k_* rtone *( pow(tone * sr(), n_) + pow(tone*tau0_/nu0_,n_))) / (max(sr(), dimensionedScalar ("VSMALL", dimless/dimTime, VSMALL))))); Note that the stress and viscosity are both given in kinematic form (i.e. divided by the density). The factors tone and rtone are both equal to unity but have dimensions of time and inverse time and are included to get the units correct for the result. The CORRECTED VERSION with the sign change is: return (min(nu0_,(tau0_ + k_* rtone *( pow(tone * sr(), n_)  pow(tone*tau0_/nu0_,n_))) / (max(sr(), dimensionedScalar ("VSMALL", dimless/dimTime, VSMALL))))); Note that when sr=tao0/nu0, the two pow() functions will now cancel out and give the expected result nu=tao0/sr. Without the indicated sign correction, tao0 has no obvious physical interpretation, as it is neither the stress at the transition point between the two forms nor is it the stress that would occur if the power law form was used as the shear rate approaches zero. The correction will have little effect in cases when the value of nu0 is set to a very large value to approximate infinity.  
Steps To Reproduce  N/A  
Tags  HerschelBulkley, nonNewtonian, rheology, viscosity  
Date Modified  Username  Field  Change 

20110301 23:41 

New Issue  
20110302 00:42 

Tag Attached: HerschelBulkley  
20110302 00:42 

Tag Attached: nonNewtonian  
20110302 00:42 

Tag Attached: rheology  
20110302 00:42 

Tag Attached: viscosity  
20110302 10:48  henry  Note Added: 0000272  
20110302 10:48  henry  Status  new => resolved 
20110302 10:48  henry  Resolution  open => fixed 
20110302 10:48  henry  Assigned To  => henry 